The burning of heating fuel containing sulfur has been found to contribute to acid rain.
In the Fuel Oil Combustion Process the formation of sulfur oxides is a result of the oxidation of the sulfur contained in the fuel. The quantity of these sulfur oxide emissions combine with the water vapor contained in the flue gas or in the atmosphere to form a sulfuric acid mist. Airborne sulfuric acid has been detected in smog, acid rain and even snow. This acid is corrosive.
There is currently no law regulating Home Heating Oil. The original Clean Air Act was passed in 1963. In 1970, revisions established the basis for the National Air Pollution Control Program. The revisions of 1990 created the most far-reaching regulatory increases on emission reductions for diesel fuel.
Currently, there are two categories of Fuel Oil. The type used as Heating Oil and the type used as Diesel Fuel for on-road vehicles. The primary difference between the two is the sulfur content. The sulfur content of most Heating Fuel is typically around 2500 parts per million. The typical sulfur content of Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel is 500 parts per million or less. The EPA mandated the use of ULSD, (Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel), fuel in model year 2007 and newer vehicles. This has resulted in a much lower amount of sulfur, now only 15 parts per million.
The Consumer Energy Council of America (CECA) has prepared this Examination of Low Sulfur Heating Oil to demonstrate the benefits of Low Sulfur Heating Oil Fuel to Heating Oil customers.
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